Stem Cell Osteoarthritis Treatment: Can stem cell treatment replace knee surgery? Chronic pain in the hands, knees, hips or spine — that’s what osteoarthritis is all about. The most common form of arthritis, it also brings swelling and makes it harder to move the joints.
For some sufferers, walking down the stairs is excruciatingly difficult. Others have to take slow-release sleeping pills to blunt the pain’s edge and keep them from waking at night.
To crack the Hepatitis C puzzle, scientists create new liver-like cells
Scientists from three separate institutions have teamed up to create liver-like cells that will allow them to study why people respond differently to hepatitis C, a contagious liver disease that can lead to cirrhosis of the liver and liver cancer and organ failure.
According to the World Health Organization, about 130–170 million people are chronically infected with the hepatitis C virus, and more than 350,000 people die from hepatitis C-related liver diseases each year.
Scientists turn skin into neural ‘precursors’ cells
First, they showed that skin from mice and humans could be directly converted into functional neurons, or brain cells.
Going a step further, researchers from the Stanford University School of Medicine have now shown that mouse skin cells can be converted directly into the “precursor” cells that become the three main parts of the nervous system.
“We are thrilled about the prospects for potential medical use of these cells,” says Dr. Marius Wernig, senior study author, assistant professor of pathology and member of Stanford’s Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine.